Montessori Vs Traditional Approach

The main difference between Traditional system and Montessori based system as highlighted below

  Traditional System   Montessori System  
  Children grouped chronologically  

Non-graded (two or three year age span)

  Class seated at desks much of time   Students “work” at tables, group lessons on floor with freedom of movement  
  Class, as a group, studies one subject at a time   Children pursue their own self-paced curriculum, individually or in small groups, in various parts of environment  
  Class schedules and frequent interruptions limit child’s involvement   Long blocks of time and relatively few interruptions permit invaluable concentration  
  Postponement of cognitive development until first grade   Critical cognitive skills developed before age six  
  Basal readers (traditional “see and say”) or “whole language” (non-traditional “see and say”)   Phonetic-based, multi-sensorial; more flexible writing and reading opportunities  
  Teacher “corrects” pupils’ “errors   Children learn from peers, self-correcting materials; teacher’s role as a guide  
  Children are different. Some can learn - others cannot   All children can learn. They are the same all over the world  
  No implicit trust and respect for every child   Implicit trust and respect for every child.  
  Teacher centered   Child centered  
  Teacher is transmitter of knowledge   Children learn through their own discovery and experience  
  Homogeneous grouping   Multiage grouping for community atmosphere  
  Answers are provided by teacher   Children correct themselves through control of error  
  Time periods allotted   No time restrictions  
  Some are held back, some are pushed ahead   Each child learns at his/her own pace  
  Children are dependent on the teacher   Children work independently  
  Teacher-directed with very little choice   Children are self-directed and make their own choice  
  Subjects are compartmentalized   Subjects are intertwined  
  Competitive   Non-competitive  
  Rewards and punishment (grades)   Self-motivation  
  High student to teacher ratios   Low student to teacher ratios